Adult mesenchymal stem cells are cells that can be obtained from patients’ own tissues and have multiple properties that mean they are increasingly used to treat a number of diseases.
These cells can be obtained from bone marrow, fat tissue and even peripheral blood. They are cells that can be isolated from the above tissues, expanded in culture and also frozen for later use.
The properties that make them so useful to treat multiple pathologies are:
- Multipotency or capacity to differentiate several types of tissue.
- Immunomodulating or regulating properties of the immune system
- Ability to migrate or reach multiple tissues in the body.
- Paracine effects or communicating with other cells in the body and sending signals to them.
- Safety of use. At present, mesenchymal cells are used in the treatment of an increasing number of degenerative, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.
The treatment protocol involves obtaining tissue from patients where these cells are found, isolating and treating them, and finally injecting them intravenously or intramuscularly.
Today, ever more clinical trials, carried out in different parts of the world, have demonstrated the usefulness of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of the symptoms of Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.